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Baker Hughes, a GE company Announces Fourth Quarter and Total Year 2018 Results

  • Orders of $6.9 billion for the quarter, up 20% sequentially and up 21% year-over-year
  • Revenue of $6.3 billion for the quarter, up 11% sequentially and up 8% year-over-year
  • GAAP operating income of $382 million for the quarter, increased $100 million sequentially and increased $493 million year-over-year
  • Adjusted operating income (a non-GAAP measure) of $498 million for the quarter, up 32% sequentially and up $214 million year-over-year*
  • GAAP diluted earnings per share of $0.28 for the quarter which included $(0.02) per share of adjusting items. Adjusted diluted earnings per share (a non-GAAP measure) were $0.26*
  • Cash flows generated from operating activities were $1,090 million for the quarter. Free cash flow (a non-GAAP measure) for the quarter was $876 million. Included in free cash flow is a cash usage of $111 million relating to restructuring, legal settlements and merger-related payments*

*The Company presents its financial results in accordance with GAAP. However, management believes that using additional non-GAAP measures will enhance the evaluation of the profitability of the Company and its ongoing operations. Please see Tables 1a, 1b and 1c for a reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures.

LONDON & HOUSTON (January 31, 2019) – Baker Hughes, a GE company (NYSE: BHGE) ("BHGE" or the "Company") announced results today for the fourth quarter and total year 2018.

Table 1

“2018 marked BHGE’s first full year as a combined company and it was a year of significant change and progress for us. We moved beyond the initial integration phase into the next chapter for BHGE. In November, our majority shareholder, GE, reduced their ownership from approximately 62.5% to approximately 50.4%, and we reached critical commercial agreements with GE that position our company for the future. The market environment changed significantly as we progressed through the year. Through these changes, we stayed focused on our priorities of gaining market share, running the company better to improve margin rates and improving cash generation. While there is more work to do, I am very pleased with how we executed for our customers and shareholders, and I am proud of what we accomplished in 2018,” said Lorenzo Simonelli, BHGE Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer.

“In the fourth quarter, we achieved $6.9 billion in orders, our largest orders quarter in almost 3 years, with sequential growth in all four of our business segments. We delivered $6.3 billion in revenue and adjusted operating income in the quarter was $498 million. Free cash flow in the quarter was $876 million.

“For the total year 2018, orders were $23.9 billion, as we re-built our backlog, and we delivered $22.9 billion of revenue, as we captured market opportunities and grew our market share. In the year, we delivered $1.4 billion of adjusted operating income. We also achieved over $800 million of synergies, ahead of our target. Free cash flow was $1.2 billion in the year, which included approximately $473 million of restructuring, legal and deal related cash outflows.

“In Oilfield Services (OFS), we made significant progress on our objectives of gaining share in key markets, being closer to our customers and expanding margin rates. In the fourth quarter, we secured several important drilling, completions and artificial lift awards in the Middle East and Latin America and continued to deliver superior performance with our leading drilling systems for customers in North America.

“In Oilfield Equipment (OFE), our core focus in the year was to re-build backlog and set the business up for success in the coming years, and we executed very well on this plan. We saw strong orders in the fourth quarter rounding out a solid 2018. We won several important awards during the year, including 34 trees for India's Oil & Natural Gas Corporation's (ONGC) 98/2 project in the fourth quarter. In November, we launched Subsea Connect, a new approach to subsea development to improve the economics of offshore projects, which is gaining traction with our customers.

“Our Turbomachinery & Process Solutions (TPS) segment saw an improved LNG market in 2018. In the fourth quarter, we secured an award to provide modular turbocompressor technology for LNG Canada’s liquefaction plant in Kitimat, British Columbia, the largest LNG project to reach a positive Final Investment Decision (FID) globally since 2014.

"We also secured a number of key contracts in the pipeline market as demand in North America increased throughout 2018, and we continue to gain traction with our versatile lower megawatt NovaLT gas turbine product line.

“In Digital Solutions (DS), we stayed focused on gaining traction with our digital software offerings and launched several important partnerships to enhance our offerings. We also continued our focus on growing core hardware in our measurement and controls product lines across multiple industries, including automotive and consumer electronics.

“The market dynamics in the fourth quarter demonstrated the volatility in our industry. The recent decline in crude prices will have an impact on the more transactional markets of the United States, Canada and Latin America in the first half of 2019. We expect other international markets as well as offshore activity to remain relatively stable. We are seeing a positive change in the LNG market, with likely project sanctioning accelerating faster than we previously anticipated.

“We delivered a strong fourth quarter and finished out a solid 2018 for BHGE. I would like to thank the BHGE team for their hard work and dedication throughout the year. As we look forward to 2019, our core mission as a company is unchanged -- delivering productivity solutions to the oil and gas industry through differentiated technology and innovative commercial models. We are positioning the company to navigate a dynamic macroeconomic environment, while remaining focused on delivering for our customers and on our priorities of share, margins, and cash,” concluded Simonelli.

Quarter Highlights

Customer Wins

BHGE’s OFS segment saw continued growth across its core well construction product lines. OFS was awarded a major conventional stimulation and well-testing contract by Saudi Aramco to enhance production from new and existing wells across conventional fields in Saudi Arabia. By integrating discrete products, services and capabilities, including cased-hole wireline logging, perforation, well testing, stimulation, fracturing and associated intervention services, into a single offering, BHGE will help Saudi Aramco reduce time, costs and complexity while increasing efficiency.

The OFS team also secured a number of artificial lift and completions contracts in the Middle East, demonstrating BHGE’s commitment to the region, including two major long-term contracts in Oman to provide electrical submersible pumps, power cables for conventional and high-temperature applications, and H-pumps. The Company also installed the first fit-for-purpose liner hanger system for a customer in Saudi Arabia and signed agreements to provide intelligent production systems in the United Arab Emirates.

In Latin America, OFS signed a four-year contract to provide drilling services, drill bits, drilling and completion fluids, cementing and completion solutions to a key customer in Colombia. Through this award, BHGE will support major drilling campaigns, develop new technology in partnership with the customer and support conventional operations.

BHGE’s OFE segment, together with McDermott International and L&T Hydrocarbon Engineering, was awarded the subsea contract for ONGC's largest deepwater project, the development of block DWN-98/2 in the Krishna Godavari basin. This represents the single largest subsea contract ever awarded by ONGC. BHGE’s scope will include subsea hardware including 34 deepwater trees, manifolds, controls, connection systems, subsea production systems installation tools and services, flexible risers and flowlines, and umbilical and topside controls. BHGE will also provide the pre-commissioning services for additional phases of the project. The project will leverage BHGE’s existing footprint in Kakinada for ongoing services.

OFE also won a contract for four trees in the North Sea for a major international customer, building on its continued success with this important customer and in North Sea tieback projects.

BHGE’s TPS business secured an award to supply modular turbocompressor technology for LNG Canada’s liquefaction plant in Kitimat, British Columbia, representing the largest LNG project to reach a positive FID globally since 2014, and the first large-scale LNG project to use modular liquefaction trains. BHGE's LMS 100 aeroderivative gas turbine was selected to maximize efficiency and lower the carbon footprint for the project, a critical element of the final investment decision.

TPS' Pipeline & Gas Processing business secured an important win to provide turbomachinery equipment for the Coastal GasLink pipeline project in Canada, which will transport natural gas from the Dawson Creek area to a facility near Kitimat to supply LNG Canada. BHGE will supply three PGT25 Plus aeroderivative gas turbines to drive a PCL603 pipeline compressor with a total capacity of 2.1 billion cubic feet (BCF) per day.

TPS won another pipeline award to provide two NovaLT 12 gas turbines for the Istrana project in Europe, marking the first time the technology will be used for pipeline compression. The NovaLT technology was selected due to its superior efficiency and performance ratings compared to the existing technology currently used in the pipeline.

BHGE’s DS segment continues to lead in Industrial IoT software deployments. This quarter the team secured several awards for Asset Performance Management (APM) solutions from downstream customers in North America, Europe and Latin America. APM analyzes the data captured from industrial sensors to improve maintenance strategies for reduced asset downtime. The result is lower maintenance costs and overall improved reliability for the customer’s operations.

DS' industrial inspection offerings continued to gain traction in the fourth quarter, with strong growth in the aviation sector in Asia and in the automotive sector in Europe.

Technology and Innovation

BHGE's OFE segment launched a new approach to subsea development, Subsea Connect. By combining planning and risk management, new modular deepwater technology, innovative partnerships and digital tools into a single offering, Subsea Connect can reduce the economic development point of subsea projects by an average of 30 percent and has the potential to unlock an additional 16 billion barrels of reserves globally. A cornerstone of the approach is the Aptara™ TOTEX-lite subsea system, which incorporates lightweight, modular technologies designed to make installation, production and intervention simpler and more efficient and cut the total cost of ownership in half.

TPS was selected by a customer in the Eastern Hemisphere to supply its LM9000 aeroderivative gas turbine technology for a large-scale LNG project. This marks the first time the LM9000 technology has been selected for an LNG application. This technology, which has been in development for several years, will be a key enabler to drive the project towards its final investment decision. The LM9000 is significantly more efficient, with a 50 percent increase in meantime between maintenance intervals versus current aeroderivative technology - the longest in the industry. With the ability to start in a fully pressurized condition, and 24-hour engine swap capability, the LM9000 can also reach over 99 percent availability for best-in-class total cost of ownership.

Executing for Customers

BHGE’s OFS business continues to deliver records with its world-class drilling portfolio. In the Marcellus and Utica, BHGE’s OFS teamed up with two operators to drill the longest single-run lateral for each basin. A customer in the Marcellus used BHGE’s leading rotary steerable system and a high-performance drilling motor to drill 18,353 feet in 76.5 drilling hours. This run also achieved a mile-a-day record, drilling 5,557 feet in a 24-hour period at the beginning of the run. In the Utica, a customer achieved the longest single run lateral by drilling 19,046 feet in 138.3 drilling hours.

BHGE’s TPS business has successfully started up the third train at the Yamal LNG project one year ahead of the original schedule, enabling the plant operations to reach full capacity of 16.5 million tons per annum in less than a year since launch. This milestone reflects a strong focus on execution and working closely with the customer to address some of the world’s most challenging environmental and technical obstacles.

Table 2

Orders for the quarter were $6,884 million, up 20% sequentially and up 21% year-over-year. The sequential increase was a result of higher volume across all product companies, driven primarily by Oilfield Equipment and Turbomachinery & Process Solutions. Equipment orders were up 44% sequentially and service orders were up 4%.

Year-over-year, the orders growth was driven by Oilfield Equipment, Turbomachinery & Process Solutions, and Oilfield Services, partially offset by a decline in Digital Solutions orders. Year-over-year equipment orders were up 44% and service orders were up 5%.

The Company's total book-to-bill ratio in the quarter was 1.1; the equipment book-to-bill ratio in the quarter was 1.2.

Remaining Performance Obligations (RPO) in the fourth quarter ended at $21.0 billion, an increase of $0.2 billion from the third quarter of 2018. Equipment RPO was $5.8 billion, up 6% sequentially. Services RPO was $15.2 billion, down 1% sequentially.

Table 3

Revenue for the quarter was $6,264 million, an increase of $599 million, or 11%, sequentially. The increase was driven primarily by higher volume across all product lines. Oilfield Services was up 2%, Oilfield Equipment was up 16%, Turbomachinery & Process Solutions was up 28% and Digital Solutions was up 6%.

Compared to the same quarter last year, revenue was up 8%. Oilfield Services was up 10%, Oilfield Equipment was up 12% and Turbomachinery & Process Solutions was up 8%, partially offset by Digital Solutions down 4%.

Table 4

On a GAAP basis, operating income for the fourth quarter of 2018 was $382 million. Operating income increased $100 million sequentially and $493 million year-over-year. Total segment operating income was $609 million for the fourth quarter of 2018, up 28% sequentially and up 62% year-over-year.

Adjusted operating income (a non-GAAP measure) for the fourth quarter of 2018 was $498 million, which excludes adjustments totaling $116 million before tax, mainly related to restructuring charges, merger and related costs, and inventory impairments. A complete list of the adjusting items and associated reconciliation from GAAP has been provided in Table 1a in the section entitled “Charges and Credits.” Adjusted operating income for the fourth quarter was up $121 million, or 32% sequentially, driven by margin expansion across Turbomachinery & Process Solutions, Digital Solutions and Oilfield Equipment, partially offset by Oilfield Services. Adjusted operating income was up $214 million, or 75% year-over-year driven by margin expansion in all segments.

Depreciation and amortization for the fourth quarter of 2018 was $352 million.

Corporate costs were $110 million in the fourth quarter of 2018, up 13% sequentially and up 20% year-over-year.

Other Financial Items

Income tax expense in the fourth quarter of 2018 was $173 million, which included a $17 million expense related to U.S. tax reform in December 2017.

GAAP diluted earnings per share were $0.28. Adjusted diluted earnings per share were $0.26. Excluded from adjusted diluted earnings per share were all items listed in Table 1a in the section entitled "Charges and Credits" as well as the "other adjustments (non-operating)" found in Table 1b.

Cash flows generated from operating activities were $1,090 million for the fourth quarter of 2018. Free cash flow (a non-GAAP measure) for the quarter was $876 million. Free cash flow included $111 million of merger and restructuring-related cash payments. A reconciliation from GAAP has been provided in Table 1c in the section entitled "Charges and Credits."

Capital expenditures, net of proceeds from disposal of assets, were $214 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.

Results by Reporting Segment

The following segment discussions and variance explanations are intended to reflect management's view of the relevant comparisons of financial results on a sequential or year-over-year basis, depending on the business dynamics of the reporting segments.

Table 5

Oilfield Services (OFS) revenue of $3,062 million for the fourth quarter increased by $70 million, or 2%, sequentially.

North America revenue was $1,230 million, up 2% sequentially. International revenue was $1,832 million, an increase of 3% sequentially, driven by Asia Pacific, the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa. From a product line perspective, the sequential increase of 2% in OFS was driven primarily by Artificial Lift, Drilling Services, and Pressure Pumping, partially offset by lower Completions activity.

Segment operating income before tax for the quarter was $224 million. Operating income for the fourth quarter of 2018 was down $7 million, or 3%, sequentially, primarily driven by product mix.

Table 6

Oilfield Equipment (OFE) orders were up $526 million, or 102%, year-over-year, driven primarily by higher equipment order intake. Equipment orders were up over 100% driven by higher order volume in the Subsea Production Systems business. The equipment book-to-bill ratio in the quarter was 1.7. Services orders were up 6% primarily driven by higher order intake in the Drilling Systems and Flexible Pipe businesses.

OFE revenue of $729 million for the quarter increased $79 million, or 12%, year-over-year. The increase was driven by higher volume in the Subsea Production Systems business, Surface Pressure Control business, and Subsea Drilling Systems business. These increases were partially offset by lower volume in the Flexible Pipe business.

Segment operating income before tax for the quarter was $12 million, up $13 million year-over-year. The increase was driven by higher volume and higher cost productivity.

Table 7

Turbomachinery & Process Solutions (TPS) orders were up 23% year-over-year. Equipment orders were up 52% driven by higher order intake for LNG equipment. Service orders were up 2% driven primarily by higher contractual service orders, and higher upgrades.

TPS revenue of $1,782 million for the quarter increased $131 million, or 8%, year-over-year. The increase was driven by higher Services volume and upgrades, partially offset by lower equipment and installation revenue. Equipment revenue in the quarter represented 43% of total segment revenue, and Service revenue represented 57% of total segment revenue.

Segment operating income before tax for the quarter was $257 million, up $100 million, or 64%, year-over-year. The increase was driven primarily by higher volume and productivity partially offset by foreign exchange losses.

Table 8

Digital Solutions (DS) orders were down 4% year-over-year, driven primarily by lower order intake in the Controls and Pipeline and Process Solutions businesses.

DS revenue of $691 million for the quarter decreased 4% year-over-year, mainly driven by the Bently Nevada and Controls businesses.

Segment operating income before tax for the quarter was $115 million, down 3% year-over-year. The decrease year-over-year was primarily driven by lower volume.

*Certain columns and rows may not sum up due to the use of rounded numbers.

Table 9Table 10Table 11Table 12

Table 1c reconciles net cash flows from operating activities, which is the directly comparable financial result determined in accordance with GAAP, to free cash flow (a non-GAAP financial measure).  Free cash flow is defined as net cash flows from (used in) operating activities less expenditures for capital assets plus proceeds from disposal of assets.

Management provides non-GAAP financial measures in Tables 1a, 1b, and 1c because it believes such measures are widely accepted financial indicators used by investors and analysts to analyze and compare companies on the basis of operating performance and liquidity, and that these measures may be used by investors to make informed investment decisions.

*Certain columns and rows may not sum up due to the use of rounded numbers.


Table 13Table 14Table 15Table 16

Supplemental Financial Information

Supplemental financial information can be found on the Company’s website at: in the Financial Information section under Quarterly Results.

Conference Call and Webcast

The Company has scheduled an investor conference call to discuss management’s outlook and the results reported in today’s earnings announcement. The call will begin at 8:30 a.m. Eastern time, 7:30 a.m. Central time on Thursday, January 31, 2019, the content of which is not part of this earnings release. A slide presentation providing summary financial and statistical information that will be discussed on the call will also be posted to the Company’s website and available for real-time viewing at The conference call will be broadcast live via a webcast and can be accessed by visiting the Events and Presentations page on the Company’s website at: An archived version of the webcast will be available on the website for one month following the webcast.

Forward-Looking Statements

This news release (and oral statements made regarding the subjects of this release) may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (each a “forward-looking statement”). The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “ensure,” “expect,” “if,” “intend,” “estimate,” “project,” “foresee,” “forecasts,” “predict,” “outlook,” “aim,” “will,” “could,” “should,” “potential,” “would,” “may,” “probable,” “likely,” and similar expressions, and the negative thereof, are intended to identify forward-looking statements. There are many risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from our forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are also affected by the risk factors described in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the annual period ended December 31, 2017; the Company's subsequent quarterly reports on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018, June 30, 2018 and September 31, 2018; the Company's current report Form 8-K filed on November 13, 2018; and those set forth from time to time in other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The documents are available through the Company’s website at: or through the SEC’s Electronic Data Gathering and Analysis Retrieval (“EDGAR”) system at: We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement.

Our expectations regarding our business outlook and business plans; the business plans of our customers; oil and natural gas market conditions; cost and availability of resources; economic, legal and regulatory conditions, and other matters are only our forecasts regarding these matters.

These forward-looking statements, including forecasts, may be substantially different from actual results, which are affected by many risks, along with the following risk factors and the timing of any of these risk factors:

Integration activities - the ability to successfully integrate Baker Hughes with GE Oil & Gas, including operations, technologies, products and services.

Economic and political conditions - the impact of worldwide economic conditions; the effect that declines in credit availability may have on worldwide economic growth and demand for hydrocarbons; foreign currency exchange fluctuations and changes in the capital markets in locations where we operate; and the impact of government disruptions.

Dependence on GE - any failure by GE to supply products and services to us in accordance with applicable contractual terms could have a material effect on our business.

Orders and RPO - our ability to execute on orders and RPO in accordance with agreed specifications, terms and conditions and convert those orders and RPO to revenue and cash.

Oil and gas market conditions - the level of petroleum industry exploration, development and production expenditures; the price of, volatility in pricing of, and the demand for crude oil and natural gas; drilling activity; drilling permits for and regulation of the shelf and the deepwater drilling; excess productive capacity; crude and product inventories; liquefied natural gas supply and demand; seasonal and other adverse weather conditions that affect the demand for energy; severe weather conditions, such as tornadoes and hurricanes, that affect exploration and production activities; Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (“OPEC”) policy and the adherence by OPEC nations to their OPEC production quotas.

Terrorism and geopolitical risks - war, military action, terrorist activities or extended periods of international conflict, particularly involving any petroleum-producing or -consuming regions; labor disruptions, civil unrest or security conditions where we operate; potentially burdensome taxation, expropriation of assets by governmental action; cybersecurity risks and cyber incidents or attacks; epidemic outbreaks.

# # #

Baker Hughes, a GE company (NYSE: BHGE) is the world’s first and only fullstream provider of integrated oilfield products, services and digital solutions. We deploy minds and machines to enhance customer productivity, safety and environmental stewardship, while minimizing costs and risks at every step of the energy value chain. With operations in over 120 countries, we infuse over a century of experience with the spirit of a startup - inventing smarter ways to bring energy to the world. For more information on Baker Hughes, a GE company visit: